orn into a wealthy business family in Melbourne in 1883.
Nationalist politician who was Prime Minister from 1923-29.
In 1901 he went to England to study law at Cambridge and did not return to Australia until 1917, being sent home with an injury from service in the Great War, World War 1.
In 1918 he stood for the seat of Flinders in Victoria and won it for the Nationalist Party, eventually being appointed treasurer in 1921 by Billy Hughes.
In 1923 Bruce replaced Hughes as party leader and became Prime Minister, forming a coalition with the Country Party, led by Earle Page, which had previously refused to join forces with Hughes.
The Government, under Bruce, increased its power over the states eg gaining more financial control with the establishment of the Loan Council.
In 1929, Bruce tried to do away with the Commonwealth Arbitration Court and this led to the fall of his government with Bruce, at the ensuing election, becoming the only Australian Prime Minister to lose his own seat whilst in office.
After politics, Bruce was appointed High Commissioner to London from 1933-45 and was a member of the British War Cabinet from 1942..
Bruce was created a viscount in 1947, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, and stayed in London until his death in 1967.